Forms (hyung)
Kiecho Hyung IL Bu Kiecho Hyung Yi Bu Kiecho Hyung Sam Bu
The Kiecho hyung (Basic Forms), created by Moo Duk Kwan Grandmaster Hwang Kee in 1947, are closely modeled on the Taikyoku forms created by Waka Sensei Gigo Funakoshi (son of Gichin Funakoshi) in 1936 and introduced in print in 1941.
Pyong Ahn Chodan
Pyong Ahn Yidan Pyong Ahn Samdan Pyong Ahn Sadan Pyong Ahn Odan
The Pyong Ahn hyung (Peaceful Mind Forms) were created by Shorin-ryu Grandmaster Ankoh Itosu and introduced to students on a yearly basis at Shuri Middle School (in Okinawa) 1901-1906. Their purpose was teaching basics of the shorin (shaolin) style progressively. They were based on Itosu's earlier two forms called Channan (Chiang Nan), which were based upon older forms: passai, kusanku and chinto.
Passai (Storming a Fortress) is an old Shaolin form with many variations. This version is based on the Tomari version passed on to Itosu, then to Funakoshi and to TangSooDo.
Passai Hyung (Storming a Fortress)
Naihanchi Chodan Naihanchi Yidan Naihanchi Samdan
The Naihanchi Hyung (Iron Horse) reflect the style and strategy of Fukien Chinese chuan fa seen in Shorei karate styles. Most research indicates that Itosu simplified the original and created two more forms in the 1870s. Shotokan Grandmaster Gichin Funakoshi perpetuated them as he learned them from Itosu and is the direct source of the TangSooDo versions.
Sip Soo
Sip Soo (Ten Hands) is the Shaolin-influenced form Jitte (Temple Hand) introduced by Itosu with Jion (Temple Sound) and Jiin (Temple Ground).
Chinto Chinto (Crane on a Rock), also known as Gangaku, most likely evolved from the crane styles of Fukien Province of China.
Kong Sang Kun (Kusanku/Kwanku) is a Shaolin form brought to Okinawa in the 1600s by a Chinese chuan fa master whose title (not name) was Kong Sang Kun ( Kusanku). It's lineage is : Kusanku, Sakugawa, Matsumura, Asato and Itosu, Funakoshi and others. Our version is based on Funakoshi's version.
Kong Sang Kun
Seisan (Crescent Moon) is of Chinese origin with many versions in both Shorei and Shorin karate. Our version is from Funakoshi, who learned it from Shorin-ryu master Ankoh Azato, a student of Sokan Matsumura.
Wanshu is a Shaolin form brought to Okinawa by a Chinese envoy named Wang Ji, who was called Wang Su, perhaps a different spelling of Wang Tzu (meaning "Great older Master Wang").
Jion (Temple Sound) is one of three forms (Jion, Jiin, Jitte) introduced by Okinawan Shorin-ryu Grandmaster Ankoh Itosu.
O Sip Sa Bo (54 movements) is of Chinese origin, originally called Useishi (Okinawa), then Gojushiho (Japan). The 54-movement version seen here is almost identical to the Matsubayashi Shorin-ryu version. Its lineage is Matsumura - Kyan - Mabuni - Ohtsuka. The usual TangSooDo version is from Kobayashi Shorin-ryu and its lineage is Matsumura - Itosu - Kanken Toyama - Yun Kwei-byung - Hwang Kee. It contains 62 movements.
O Sip Sa Bo
Shushi Bong Sul
Shushi Bong Sul (Shushi No Kon Sho) is an old bo ("bong" in Korean) form from the Yamane-ryu lineage of Okinawan kobudo (way of weapons).
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